Modern Athens, Greece
Where Antiquity And Modern Life Collide: The Acropolis rises above Athens, Greece, the city at the center of writer Petros Markaris' Inspector Costas Haritos crime series. While many view Athens as the birthplace of democracy, Markaris says that to him the city also showcases the uglier side of modern society. Petros Giannakouris/AP hide captiontoggle caption Petros Giannakouris/AP
For millions of tourists who flock to Athens every year, the city at the foot of the Acropolis represents the cradle of democracy and the sublime art of antiquity.
But to crime writer Petros Markaris, the Athens of today is both a peaceful Balkan haven and a symbol of the ugliness of modern, corrupt societies. In his detective novels, he takes on the financial and social crises sweeping Greece.
The city itself is a central character in his novels. The Monastiraki, bustling with colorful street stalls and old-fashioned shops, is one of Athens' oldest parts. It's also one of Markaris' favorite places.
Athens' Monastiraki neighborhood is a meeting place for Greek and Ottoman culture. Case in point: the 18th-century Tzistarakis Mosque (left) sits below the Acropolis (center) and serves as a focal point for Monastiraki Square. Julian Finney/Getty Images hide captiontoggle caption Julian Finney/Getty Images
Athens' Monastiraki neighborhood is a meeting place for Greek and Ottoman culture. Case in point: the 18th-century Tzistarakis Mosque (left) sits below the Acropolis (center) and serves as a focal point for Monastiraki Square.Julian Finney/Getty Images
"It still has some of the oriental. You still smell the spices. . This is the part of the town where ancient Greece and the Ottoman Empire meet, " Markaris says.
But the author acknowledges his love-hate relationship with Athens as he describes the modern city of more than 5 million people as seen from the top of Lycabettus Hill.
"What do you see? Something like hell. Everything built without any planning, without any controls, with nothing. And in between you see the streets with some insects going slowly along, " he says.
The writer says it's as if the city is shouting at him, "Are you crazy? Get out of here."
"But if you don't listen to the voice, and if you stay, then you will discover the small miracles of the city, " Markaris says.
It's in search of those small, quiet miracles that the character Costas Haritos, a police inspector, spends many hours in his car battling Athens' notorious traffic and its polluted and clogged roadways. Markaris' books are filled with the names of streets and squares; he's been hailed as the master writer of traffic jams.
Born in Istanbul in 1937 to a Greek-Armenian family, Markaris studied economics in Vienna and speaks several languages. When he decided to become a writer, he chose Greek as his creative tool. And he made Athens his home in 1965.
He has written plays for the theater, scripts for movies, and poetry.
Then he decided to write about contemporary Greek society.
"You want to write today a social or political novel, you have to turn to the crime novel, " he says.
Petros Markaris (shown here in 2009) uses his detective novels, featuring Inspector Costas Haritos, to explore the social, economic and political issues of modern Greece. The Istanbul-born writer says that his detached way of observing Greece and the Greeks is a trait he shares with Haritos, his character. Evandro Inetti/ZUMA Press hide captiontoggle caption Evandro Inetti/ZUMA Press
Humanizing The Inspector
Inspector Haritos first appeared in Late-Night News (known as Deadline in Athens in the U.S.), which was published in Greece in 1995. The character was a challenge for Markaris, a writer with left-wing sympathies. In the Balkans, he says, especially in countries such as Greece that have had dictatorships, policemen are seen as fascists.
"So when I decided that Haritos was my character, I said, 'How can I write about a right-wing policeman when I hate him?' " Markaris recalls.
He decided to take the character's uniform off, and what he found was very familiar.
"What I discovered was somebody like the people in my family, and this helped me to come very close to this character. Now we are best friends, but it took some time, " Markaris says.
To further humanize Haritos, Markaris took a real anecdote he was told by a man who had been imprisoned during Greece's junta years, from 1967 to 1974.
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How did the democracy of Ancient Athens Greece differ from the democracy of the US in modern times
First, Greek democracy was a direct democracy, all men who owned land had a position in government, where as in the United States we have a representative democracy.
Second, In the US there are three branches of government:
- Executive- Presidency, Enforce laws
- Legislative- House/Senate (Bicameral), makes laws
- Judicial- Supreme court, serves justice
where is "Sparta" on the modern map of Greece, I only see "Athens"? | Yahoo Answers
The city was reestablished by the order of the Greek King Otto in 1834, it is now called "Sparti."
To answer the real question that seems to be going on here, no Athens did not beat Sparta.
I'm guessing that you're talking about the wars between Athens and Sparta over 2000 years ago, and Sparta actually won those. They didn't destroy Athens. Sparta was actually destroyed several hundred years later, closer to the time of Rome, but it wasn't by the Athenians.
Athens actually was burned by the Persians long before Sparta was destroyed, they just rebuilt it.…